Collecting ancient Greek hoplite bronze helmets
These are the main Greek bronze helmets types:
corinthian - apulian corinthian - illyrian
chalcidian - attic chalcidian - pilos
phrygian - thracian - beotian
Corinthian helmet, originated in ancient Greece, developed in the 8th
century BC, and took its name from the city-state of Corinth. It is
generally accepted as the first Greek Helmet designed, based on archeological
evidence. It was made from a single piece of bronze, adapted individually
for each warriors. However, because of the large portion of metal covering
the face, it severally limited the wearer's critical senses of vision
and hearing. So, through the years, it was modified and upgraded to
be more effective. The style gave way to the more open Chalcidian and
Thracian helmets that provided more visability and better hearing, and
the much simpler Pilos type, which was less detailed and required less
bronze, making it cheaper and easier to manually produce in large quantities.
Illiryan: This type originated in ancient Greece from the Peloponnese in around 7th century BC. It is so named due to a large number of early finds coming from Illyria. Judging from archaeological evidence, the helmet was an evolution of the Kegel type of the archaic era found in Argos. It was a bronze helmet made by two pieces joined together at the crown. Two ridges running along either side of the seam provided an extra protection. In its later styles, it covered the entire head and neck, and it was open faced in all of its varieties. The Illyrian helmet did not obstruct the wearer's critical senses of vision though the first varieties hampered hearing.
was especially popular in Greece in the 4th and 5th centuries BC. It
was also worn extensively in the Greek (Southern) parts of Italy in
the same period. The helmet is so-called because it was first, and is
most commonly, depicted on pottery once thought to derive from the Euboean
city of Chalcis. In fact, it is no kwon whether the helmet actually
originated in Chalcis; indeed, it is no known whether the pottery in
question was actualy Chalcidian.
Pilos: The Pilos type helmet was made in the same shape as the felt o leather travelling hat common in Ancient Greece, named Pilos. It was made from bronze and it has a conical shape. It probably originated from Lakonia. The Pilos helmet was extensively adopted by the Spartan army in the 5th century BC and worn by them until the end of the Classical era. It was less expensive and easier to manufacture than other helmet types since it required less bronze and it was less detailed. It did not obstruct the wearer's critical senses of vision and hearing.
Phrygian: This type was originated in Classical Greece and was widely used in Thrace, Dacia, Italy and the Hellenistic world until well into the Roman Empire. Is received its name due to its resemblance to the Phrygian cap.
Thracian: It was developed in the 5th century BC, and was based on a form of cap worn in Thrace, made of a soft material most often rising to a forward pointing peak. It was re-enforced by a band or hem running across the head. The helmet repeated this from in bronze.
Beotian: The Beotian type helmet was especially favored by the cavalry because of its great visibility. It was a popular helmet, used also by the Romans until the end time of Republic.
Petasus: The Petasus was originally a wide-brimmed hat worn to keep the sun away. The form of this hat was also appeared as a helmet. It was worn by Greek horsemen and infantry in the 5th century. We have not been able to find a picture from the petasus, so we attach a drawing:
GO TO NEXT PAGE!!!
©2005-2010 The FakeBusters